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    Screeny

    1. WinBox is a very convenient way to configure MikroTik Router Operating System (RouterOS). Its user-friendly graphical interface makes it easy and fast. Note that this is a Remote Configuration window. The software itself is a command line style Operating System.

    2. MikroTik Router Software features many useful tools, such as Ping Flood. Ping flood sends ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) echo requests to a remote host. It sends the next request as soon as it receives a reply. Flood ping utility shows sent packets percentage (from the given number), received packages percentage, minimum, average and maximal Roundtrip Time of the packages.

    WinBox Screenshot 3. Traceroute is a TCP/IP protocol-based utility, which allows the user to determine how packets are being routed to a particular host. Traceroute works by increasing the time-to-live value of packets and seeing how far they get until they reach the given destination; thus, a lengthening trail of hosts passed through is built up. When the trace is complete, the output indicates total number of hops to the host and corresponding TTL values per hop.

    WinBox Screenshot 4. MikroTik Router can be configured as a bridge. Bridging is used to pass MAC layer packets between interfaces without any routing. When the routers are used in bridging mode, Spanning Tree Protocol is used to avoid bridging loops and to communicate information between routers/bridges. Bridging works only for Ethernet and RadioLan interfaces.

    WinBox Screenshot 5. MikroTik Router allows you to easily perform user management. You can add, remove users, set names, groups, and passwords.

    WinBox Screenshot 6. Using MikroTik Router you can view system resources in an easy-to-understand form. System resources include system uptime, total memory, HDD/Flash drive size, CPU type, and CPU frequency, hardware IRQ's and IO addresses range. This screenshot shows memory and CPU usage

    WinBox Screenshot 7. Queuing is a mechanism that controls bandwidth allocation, delay variability, timely delivery, and delivery reliability. MikroTik Router supports the following queuing mechanisms: PFIFO, BFIFO, RED, Split and SFQ.

    WinBox Screenshot 8. In the MikroTik Router standard kernel routes are created when adding an address to the router and static routes are added by the user. A third type of route is created by software daemons such GateD routing. For exchanging the routing information between the routers, MikroTik Router Software supports two interior routing protocols: the Routing Information Protocol (RIP) [Version 1 and Version 2] and the Open Shortest Path First (OSPF) protocol. This screenshot shows OSPF settings. OSPF is a shortest path first or link-state protocol. OSPF is an interior gateway protocol that distributes routing information between routers in a single autonomous system. OSPF chooses the least cost path as the best path.

    WinBox Screenshot 9. In the MikroTik Router Software various system events and status information can be logged. Logs can be saved in a file on the router or sent to a remote server running a syslog daemon.

    WinBox Screenshot 10. This screenshot shows RIP protocol settings. RIP selects the route with the lowest metric as the best route. The metric is a hop count representing the number of gateways through which data must pass through to reach its destination.

    WinBox Screenshot 11. Router configuration can also be performed via telnet. Telnet Console user friendly command interface allows you to view all available commands, see the tips about their meanings. You can use [TAB] to complete typed command. If the input is abmiguous the second [TAB] will show you all possible variants.

    WinBox Screenshot 12. On this screenshot you can see the output of traceroute and ping utilities. Traceroute utility indicates the total number of hops to the destination host. Ping uses Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMP) Echo messages to determine if a remote host is active or inactive and to determine the round-trip delay when communicating with it. It shows Time To Live value of the received packet (ttl) and Roundtrip time (time) in ms.

    WinBox Screenshot 13. You can easily move through the Console command levels and view the current settings anytime. This example shows the configuration of IP addresses, static routes and interfaces.